If conservative measures fail to relieve pain from bunions, surgical correction is considered. You should consider surgery if your pain prevents or limits you from completing routine activities, if you can’t walk more than a few blocks without sever foot pain, if your big toe continues to remain swollen even with medication, ice and rest, or if you can no longer bend or straighten your big toe. There are many different surgical treatment options to treat bunions and the surgical treatment depends on severity of your bunion as well as how your bunion was developed. In order to determine the best surgical treatment, you need to work closely with your podiatrist. The post operative treatment plan will largely depend on the type of surgery preformed, however patients can generally expect a recovery period of approximately of 4-8 weeks or longer depending on the patients medical history.